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Margaret H. Freeman is Professor Emerita, Los Angeles Valley College, and co-director of Myrifield Institute for Cognition and the Arts ( She was a founding member and first president (1988-1992) of the Emily Dickinson International Society and moderates the monthly meetings of the Emily Dickinson Reading Circle at Myrifield in Heath, MA. She is a co-editor of the Oxford University Press series in Cognition and Poetics. Her research interests include cognitive poetics, aesthetics, linguistics, and literature. A list of her scholarly publications may be found at




1962                 B. A. Honours, English and Philosophy, University of Manchester


1963                 Diploma in American Studies, Smith College, Northampton, MA


1970                 M.A., English, University of Massachusetts, Amherst


1972                 Ph.D., English, University of Massachusetts, Amherst


1977                 Summer Institute of Linguistics, University of Salzburg, Austria


Other Publications


[Articles with a CSN designation may be accessed on the Social Science Research Network (SSRN) at:




2017. Multimodalities of metaphor: A perspective from the poetic arts. Poetics Today. 38:1. Forthcoming.




2017. The vitality of words: An exercise in philology. Jinan Journal of Foreign Languages, edited by Gong Qi. Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press. Forthcoming.




2017. Toward a theory of poetic iconicity: The ontology of semblance. In Dimensions of Iconicity. Amsterdam and London: John Benjamins. Forthcoming.




2015. Authorial presence in poetry: Some cognitive reappraisals. Poetics Today 36.3: 201-231.




2014. Cognitive complexities in poetic art: Matthew Arnold’s “The Last Word.” Cognitive Semiotics CSN 2376820




2013. Cognitive poetics. In Michael Burke, ed. The Routledge Handbook of Stylistics, 313-328. New York and London: Routledge.




2013. Natural surroundings. In Eliza Richards, ed. Emily Dickinson in Context, 56-66. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.




2013. The influence of anxiety: poetry as a theory of mind. Cognition, Communication, Discourse.




2012. George Eliot and Emily Dickinson: Poets of Play and Possibility. The Emily Dickinson Journal 21.2:37-58.




2012. Engaging in critical discussion: Some thoughts on literary interchanges. New Directions in Emily Dickinson Studies. July 2012:




2011. The aesthetics of human experience: Minding, metaphor, and icon in poetic expression.. Special issue on Exchange Values: Poetics and Cognitive Science, ed. Mark Bruhn. Poetics Today 32.4: 717-752.




2012. Blending and beyond: Form and feeling in poetic iconicity. In Isabel Jaén and Julien Simon, eds. Cognitive Literary Studies: Current Themes and New Directions, 127-143. Texas University Press. CSN 1399751




2011. The role of metaphor in poetic iconicity. In Monika Fludernik, ed. Beyond Cognitive Metaphor Theory: Perspectives on Literary Metaphor, 158–175. New York and London: Routledge. CSN 1399683




2011. Dwelling in possibility: An introduction to Dickinson’s poetics. In J. Brooks Bouson, ed. Critical Insights: Emily Dickinson, 73-96. Pasadena, CA, and Hackensack, NJ: The Salem Press.




2010  Review. Domhnall Mitchell and Maria Stuart, eds. The International Reception of Emily Dickinson. New York: Continuum, 2009. The Emily Dickinson Journal 19.1: 103-107.




2009  What Is Cognitive Poetics? A Review of Reuven Tsur. 2008. Toward a Theory of Cognitive Poetics. Second, expanded and updated edition. Brighton and Portland, OR: Sussex Academic Press. Pragmatics and Cognition 17.2: 450-457.




2009   Making sense of (non)sense: Why literature counts. In Elżbieta Chrzanowska-Kluczewska and Grzegorz Szpila, eds. In Search of (Non)Sense, 1-19. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. CSN 1400234



2009   Minding: Feeling, form, and meaning in the creation of poetic iconicity. In Geert Brône and Jeroen Vandaele, eds., Cognitive Poetics: Goals, Gains, and Gaps, 169-196. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. CSN 1399786



2008   Revisiting/revisioning the icon through metaphor. Poetics Today 29.2: 353-370.




2008   Reading readers reading a poem: From conceptual to cognitive integration, Cognitive Semiotics 2: 102-128. CSN 1400223




2007   Poetic iconicity. In Cognition in Language: Volume in Honour of Professor Elzbieta Tabakowska,472-501. Władyslaw Chłopicki, Andrzej Pawelec and Agnieszka Pokojska, eds.  Annual Review of Cognitive Linguistics. Kraków: Tertium. CSN 1399120




2007   Cognitive linguistic approaches to literary studies: State of the art in cognitive poetics. In The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics, 1821-1866. Dirk Geeraerts and Hubert Cuyckens, eds. Oxford University Press. CSN 1427409



2007    The fall of the wall between literary studies and linguistics: Cognitive poetics. In Applications of Cognitive Linguistics: Foundations and Fields of Application, 403-428.Gitte Kristiansen, Michel Achard, René Dirven, and Francisco Ruiz de Mendoza, eds., Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. CSN 1427373



2006    From metaphor to iconicity in a poetic text. In The Metaphors of Sixty: Papers Presented on the Occasion of the 60th Birthday of Zoltán Kövecses, 127-135. Réka Benczes and Szilvia Csábi, eds. Budapest: Eötvös Loránd University. CSN 1427403




2006    Art, science, and ste. Emilie’s sunsets: A Háj-inspired cognitive approach to translating an Emily Dickinson poem into Japanese. With Masako Takeda. Festschrift for John Robert Ross. Style 40.1-2: 109-127. CSN 1427815




2006     Blending: A response. Language and Literature 15.1: 107-117.




2005     Is iconicity literal? Cognitive poetics and the literal concept in poetry. In The Literal and Nonliteral in Language and Thought, 65-83. Seana Coulson and Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk, eds. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang. CSN 1426878




2005     The nature of poetic texts. Review of Reuven Tsur, On the Shore of Nothingness: A Study in Cognitive Poetics. Poetics Today  26.3 535-547.




2005     Poetry as power: The dynamics of cognitive poetics as a scientific and literary paradigm. In Cognition and Literary Interpretation in Practice, 31-57. Harri Veivo, Bo Pettersson, and Merja Polvinen, eds. Helsinki: Helsinki University Press. CSN 1427831




2005     The Poem as Complex Blend: Conceptual Mappings of Metaphor in Sylvia Plath’s “The Applicant.” In   Language and Literature 14:1: 25-44. Reprinted in Recent Development in Western Stylistics. Dan Shen, ed. Shanghai: Shanghai Foreign Language Education Press, 2008. CSN 1427828




2004     Crossing the boundaries of time: Merleau-Ponty’s phenomenology and cognitive linguistic theories. In Linguagem, Cultura e Cognição: Estudos de Linguística Cognitiva, 2: 643-655. 2 vols. Augusto Soares da Silva, Amadeu Torres, Miguel Gonçalves, eds. Coimbra: Almedina, 2004. Translated as  Przekraczanie granic czasu: Fenomenologia Merleau-Ponty’ego a teorie jezykoznawstwa kognitywnego. Przetozyła Małgorzata Majewska. Przestrzenie Teorii (2007) 8: 223-234. CSN 1427845




2004     Review of Adam Głaz. The Dynamics of Meaning: Explorations in the Conceptual Domain of EARTH. Lublin: Maria Curie-Sklodowska University Press, 2002. In Journal of English Linguistics 32.2: 147-150.




2004     Grounded spaces in the poetry of Emily Dickinson. In Stylistics, 201-210. Paul Simpson, ed.. London and New York: Routledge.




2002     Cognitive Mapping in Literary Analysis. Style 36.3: 466-83. CSN 1400262




2002     The body in the word: A cognitive approach to the shape of a poetic text . In Cognitive Stylistics: Language and Cognition in Text Analysis 23-47. Eds. Elena Semino and Jonathan Culpeper John Benjamins Publishing Company. CSN 1427864




2002     Momentary stays, exploding forces: A cognitive linguistic approach to the poetics of Emily Dickinson and Robert Frost. Journal of English Linguistics 30.1: 73-90. CSN 1400172




2001     Emily Dickinson’s double language: An introduction to the writings of Hans W. Luescher. With Rolf Amsler. In Emily Dickinson at Home, 249-266. Gudrun M. Grabher and Martina Antretter, eds.. Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier.




2001     Review of Morag Harris, Emily Dickinson in Time: Experience and Its Analysis in Progressive Verbal Form. Emily Dickinson International Society Bulletin  13.1: 30-31.




2000     Poetry and the scope of metaphor: Toward a cognitive theory of literature. In Metaphor and Metonymy at the Crossroads, 253-81. Antonio Barcelona, ed. Berlin: Mouton. CSN 1427868




1998     Emily Dickinson’s poems in a new and clearer light. Review of R. W. Franklin, ed. The Poems of Emily Dickinson. Emily Dickinson International Society Bulletin 10.2: 1-3, 23.




1998     A cognitive approach to Dickinson’s metaphors. In The Emily Dickinson Handbook. 258-272. Gudrun M. Grabher, Roland Hagenbüchle, and Cristanne Miller, eds. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press. CSN




1998     Metaphors of mind: Analogical mapping in teaching poetry.  The Pedagogical Quarterly of Cognitive Linguistics 1.1:




1998     Review of Paul Crumbley, Inflections of the Pen: Dash and Voice in Emily Dickinson. Emily Dickinson International Society Bulletin  10.1: 17-18.




1998     Another way to see: Emily Dickinson’s cognitive power. Thoughts, 19–27.Department of English, Chulalangonkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.




1997     Grounded spaces: Deictic -self anaphors in the poetry of Emily Dickinson. Language and Literature  6.1: 7–28. CSN 1428426




1996      Emily Dickinson and the discourse of intimacy. In Semantics of Silences in Linguistics and Literature, 191-210. Gudrun M. Grabher and Ulrike Jeßner, eds. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag C. Winter. CSN 1428430




1995     Metaphor making meaning: Dickinson’s conceptual universe. Journal of Pragmatics  24.6: 643–666. CSN 1428434




1995     Dickinson and the “foreign.” Emily Dickinson International Society Bulletin  7:2: 14–15.




1995     Cognitive approaches to poetry and translation: A seminar. Emily Dickinson International Society Bulletin  7.2: 21.




1994     The joy of words: Thomas John Carlisle. Poet to Poet Series. Emily Dickinson International Society Bulletin  6.1: 4–5, 13.




1993     Review of William H. Shurr, New Poems of Emily Dickinson. Emily Dickinson International Society Bulletin  5.2: 13–14.




1991     Review of Hiroko Uno, Emily Dickinson Visits Boston. Emily Dickinson International Society Bulletin 3.1: 10.




1983     Teaching linguistics in an interdisciplinary curriculum. Innovations in Linguistics Education 3.1: 65-71.










1999     Metaphor and Beyond: New Cognitive Developments. Monika Fludernik, Donald C. Freeman, and Margaret H. Freeman, eds. Poetics Today 20.3: 383-96.




1997     Swearing by the Cuckoo: Translators on Translating Emily Dickinson. Margaret H. Freeman, Gudrun M. Grabher, and Roland Hagenbüchle, eds. Special Issue of The Emily Dickinson Journal 6:2.


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