I’m a public librarian and independent scholar from Youghalarra, Co. Tipperary. I’ve been based in Limerick City and County Library service for over ten years and I specialise in reference services, local history research and the digitisation, retrieval, and preservation of materials.  I am a graduate of the University of Limerick and Aberystwyth University and my special research interests are the history of racialised chattel slavery, the politics of memory, unfree labour in the Atlantic world, the Irish in the Atlantic world and the history/ideology of the far-right/ethno-nationalism. I have published work with openDemocracy, theJournal.ie, Old Limerick Journal, History Ireland, TortoiseThe Irish Story and Rabble magazine. I was also interviewed by the Southern Poverty Law Centre, The New York Times, Pacific Standard magazine, Christian Science Monitor, Al Jazeera, Public Radio International, The Irish Times and Inverse about my years of work tracking and exposing the appropriation and distortion of Irish history by white supremacists via the “Irish slaves” meme.


B.Tech (Hons.) MA (Hons.) University of Limerick
GradDipLIS (Hons.) Aberystwyth University

Other Publications

Journal Articles
Hogan, L. (2020), ‘The wisdom which is from above is without partiality’ Samuel Ringgold Ward in Limerick (1855), Old Limerick Journal, No. 55, TBD
Hogan, L. (2019), Frank McGrath: Youghalarra’s Influential Republican Leader, Annals of Arra, Vol. 1
Hogan, L. (2019), “The people deserve commiseration, they deserve relief” The Limerick Food Riot of 1830 revisited, Old Limerick Journal, No. 54
Hogan, L. (2018) Margaret Hinchey: Immigrant, Labour Leader, Suffragette, Old Limerick Journal, No. 53
Hogan, L. (2017) ‘Treat the coloured people as your equals’: Charles Lenox Remond in Limerick and the failure of the Anti-Slavery Irish Address (1841), Old Limerick Journal, No.52
Hogan, L. (2017) Myten: Irländare var ju också slavar, Från Expo #1-2017, Swedish translation by Morgan Finnsiö
Hogan, L., McAtackney, L., and Reilly, M. (2016), The Irish in the Anglo-Caribbean: servants or slaves?, History Ireland, Issue 2 (March/April 2016), Vol. 24, 18-22
Hogan., L. (ed.) 2016, Alexander Shanid: A Victorian Visitor’s view of Limerick, Old Limerick Journal, No. 50, 8-11
Hogan, L. (2015) Frederick Douglass and his Journey from Slavery to Limerick, Old Limerick Journal, No. 49, 21-26
Hogan, L. (2014) Grace Greenwood and Uncle Tom’s Cabin in Limerick (1852-’53), Old Limerick Journal, No.48, 3-6

Articles, &c.

Hogan, L. (2020), Were Irish people the “first slaves in America”?, Mediumhttps://medium.com/@Limerick1914/factcheck-were-the-irish-the-first-slaves-in-america-e0df2f6a6e73
Hogan, L. (2019), An Irish slave in Antigua, Mediumhttps://medium.com/@Limerick1914/an-irish-slave-in-antigua-7acfb106a8e9
Hogan, L. (2019), Trump and the El Paso terrorist share more than anti-Hispanic racism, Mediumhttps://medium.com/@Limerick1914/trump-and-the-el-paso-terrorist-share-more-than-anti-hispanic-racism-11f76672cd0c
Hogan, L. (2019), Anatomy of a Modern Lie, Tortoise https://members.tortoisemedia.com/2019/05/12/irish-slaves/content.html?sig=Sg0fOsOGg-0jM7ERLgh20TzZldsEDMxQNrS1P2G6F-k&utm_source=Twitter&utm_medium=Social&utm_campaign=12May2019&utm_content=Irish_slaves
Hogan, L. (2018), Conflation and Omission: Angela Nagle’s historical negation of the racism behind the Chinese Exclusion Act, Medium https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/conflation-and-omission-angela-nagles-historical-negation-of-the-racism-behind-the-chinese-babdf2dc12f4
Hogan, L. (2018), Survey of the “No Irish Need Apply” qualification in classified ads in U.S. newspapers (1827–1919), Medium https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/survey-of-the-no-irish-need-apply-qualification-in-classified-ads-in-u-s-newspapers-1827-1919-af77e79ace4c
Hogan, L. (2018), The myth that Goodwife Glover, the Irish woman executed for witchcraft in Boston in 1688, was an “Irish slave”, Medium https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/the-murder-of-goodwife-glover-in-boston-and-the-politicisation-of-her-death-two-centuries-later-via-90ab171fe576
Hogan, L. (ed.) 2018, An Irish overseer’s account of the Jamaican slave revolt (1831-’32): An excerpt from Benjamin McMahon’s autobiography, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/an-irish-overseers-sympathetic-account-of-the-jamaican-slave-revolt-1831-32-7dfd986b5f74
Hogan, L. (2018), The Abuse of History: Jason L. Riley’s co-option of Irish history in an attempt to gird his political and personal ideology, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/the-abuse-of-history-681924717930
Hogan, L. (2017), You Best Not Miss: The Ancient Order of Hibernians, History Ireland magazine and the legitimisation of ahistorical propaganda, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/the-ancient-order-of-hibernians-history-ireland-magazine-and-the-accommodation-of-ahistorical-ec393928e787
Hogan, L. (2017), Reviewing the fallout from an influential but fatally flawed work of popular history about “white slaves”, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/reviewing-the-fallout-from-an-influential-but-fatally-flawed-work-of-popular-history-about-white-be6cfc37069b
Hogan, L. (2017), How the Doctor Who episode ‘Thin Ice’ is an allegory for slavery, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/the-doctor-who-episode-thin-ice-is-an-allegory-for-slavery-cb7bc3ba9bb1
Hogan, L. (2017), The founder of Irish Central attempts to whitewash their influential role in spreading ahistorical “Irish slaves” propaganda, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/niall-odowd-whitewashes-history-by-denying-the-role-irish-central-continue-to-play-spreading-b602522a11f8
Hogan, L. (2016), The 1830 Limerick Food Riots, The Irish Story URL: http://www.theirishstory.com/2016/02/23/the-1830-limerick-food-riots/#.W37PmyRKjct
Hogan, L. (2016), Two years of the ‘Irish slaves’ myth: racism, reductionism and the tradition of diminishing the transatlantic slave trade, openDemocracy URL: https://www.opendemocracy.net/beyondslavery/liam-hogan/two-years-of-irish-slaves-myth-racism-reductionism-and-tradition-of-diminis
Hogan, L. (2016), “The problem”: An echo from history which illuminates the insidious presence and emboldened rhetoric of the far-right in the current political climate, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/the-problem-84ec017a9f2c
Hogan, L. (ed.) 2016, ‘I would have been well pleased to have seen the island and all its inhabitants sunk’: An exiled United Irishman writes about slavery in Martinique, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/a-united-irishman-witnesses-chattel-slavery-in-martinique-1b4080e2a37f
Hogan, L. (2016), Frank McGrath: Youghalarra’s Influential Republican Leader, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/frank-mcgrath-youghalarra-s-influential-republican-leader-2e351997ba82
Hogan, L. (2016), The Myth of Colonel William Brayne and the “Irish slaves”, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/the-myth-of-colonel-william-brayne-and-the-irish-slaves-ac9f493caea0
Hogan, L. (ed.) 2016, Comments beneath the Irish Central “forgotten white Irish slaves” article, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/comments-beneath-the-irish-central-forgotten-white-irish-slaves-article-292d6734a282
Hogan, L. (2016), A primer on the ongoing proliferation of ahistorical “Irish slaves” articles and memes, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/thoughts-on-the-proliferation-of-ahistorical-irish-slaves-articles-and-memes-70889400c819
Hogan, L. (2016), Open letter to Irish Central, Irish Examiner and Scientific American about their “Irish slaves” disinformation, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/open-letter-to-irish-central-irish-examiner-and-scientific-american-about-their-irish-slaves-3f6cf23b8d7f
Hogan, L. (2016) ‘Isn’t your sister and your daughter and your wife a person?’: Margaret Hinchey: Immigrant, Labour Leader and Suffragette, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/isn-t-your-sister-and-your-daughter-and-your-wife-a-person-6626f183ae34
Hogan, L. (2016), When History Goes Bad, Rabble magazine URL: http://www.rabble.ie/2016/02/04/when-history-goes-bad/
Hogan, L. (2016), ‘As intentional as the forgetting that follows’: Conor McGregor, Selective History and Atlantic Amnesia, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/as-intentional-as-the-forgetting-that-follows-82a309014d45
Hogan, L. (ed.) 2015, “We have not too much population”: Richard Allen’s account of the Famine in Ireland, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/we-have-not-too-much-population-c4d138aae498
Hogan, L. (2015), Exaggeration and the appropriation of the torture of enslaved Africans in the “Irish slaves” meme, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/we-had-it-worse-eebe705c41a
Hogan, L. (2015), A review of the numbers in the “Irish slaves” meme, Medium, URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/a-review-of-the-numbers-in-the-irish-slaves-meme-1857988fd93c
Hogan, L. (2015), The “Forced Breeding” myth in the “Irish slaves” meme, Medium, URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/the-racist-myth-within-a-racist-myth-8eac2c890e92
Hogan, L. (ed.) 2015, Rev. Robert Walsh records the condition of the enslaved people on board the Feloz (1829), Medium, URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/robert-walsh-records-the-conditions-of-the-enslaved-people-on-board-the-feloz-1829-d8bf49427df5
Hogan, L. (2015), “Kiss me, my slave owners were Irish”: an essay exploring slave ownership among those of Irish descent, Medium https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/kiss-me-my-slave-owners-were-irish-86316555796c
Hogan, L. (2015) How the African victims of the Zong Massacre were replaced with “Irish slaves”, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/how-the-african-victims-of-the-zong-massacre-were-replaced-with-irish-slaves-2574dac1fc55
Hogan, L. (2015), From Cassius Clay to Bernadette McAliskey, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/cassius-clay-and-irish-anti-black-racism-de2480473492
Hogan, L. (2015) Debunking the imagery of the “Irish slaves” meme, Medium, URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/the-imagery-of-the-irish-slaves-myth-dissected-143e70aa6e74
Hogan, McAtackney and Reilly (2015) The unfree Irish in the Caribbean were indentured servants, not slaves, theJournal.ie URL: http://www.thejournal.ie/readme/irish-slaves-myth-2369653-Oct2015/
Hogan, L. (2015), A short-lived Cork Slave Trading Company?, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/a-short-lived-cork-slave-trading-company-76f1a7a2b10e
Hogan, L. (ed.) 2015, Dr. Pinckard’s account of the torture of enslaved Africans in Berbice, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/letter-vii-ca3a79b47b5
Hogan, L. (2015), Slavery and Moral Relativism, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/slavery-and-moral-relativism-1b6659ec1e91
Hogan, L. (ed.) 2015, The exception to the rule?: Fenian Newspaper calls on Irish Americans to support the Fifteenth Amendment, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/the-exception-to-the-rule-a4bc51ef144b
Hogan, L. (2015), Irish Immigrants and the Underground Railroad, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/irish-immigrants-and-the-underground-railroad-aa50ea6ecdd7
Hogan, L. (ed.) 2015, A Letter to John Mitchel from French Republican exiles in New York (1854), Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/a-letter-to-john-mitchel-d6a4644d6c1b
Hogan, L. (2015), Anticipating the Neo-Confederates: How John Sella Martin demolished the “contented slave” narrative, Medium URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/anticipating-the-neo-confederates-f8d6489f829d
Hogan, L. (2015),  ‘I Will Sing the Song of Companionship’: Peter Doyle– Former Confederate, Walt Whitman’s Muse & Lover, Irish in the American Civil War URL: https://irishamericancivilwar.com/2015/05/23/i-will-sing-the-song-of-companionship-limericks-peter-doyle-the-former-confederate-who-became-walt-whitmans-muse-lover/
Hogan, L. (2015), ‘Irish slaves’: The Convenient Myth, openDemocracy URL: https://www.opendemocracy.net/beyondslavery/liam-hogan/%E2%80%98irish-slaves%E2%80%99-convenient-myth
This article also featured in the BTS Syllabus.
Hogan, L. (2014), Critique of Sean O’Callaghan’s “To Hell or Barbados”, Medium (Originally published on academia.edu, re-upped to Medium in 2018) URL: https://medium.com/@Limerick1914/critique-of-sean-ocallaghan-s-to-hell-or-barbados-aea31469d3a2
Hogan, L. (2014), “To maintain the rights and liberties common to all the people of Ireland”- The Launch of the Limerick Volunteers, 1914, The Irish Story URL: http://www.theirishstory.com/2014/01/30/to-maintain-the-rights-and-liberties-common-to-all-the-people-of-ireland-the-launch-of-the-limerick-volunteers-1914/#.W37POyRKjcs
Hogan, L. (2014) Hallowe’en: Customs, Myths and Messiness, History is what we choose to remember URL: https://limerick100.wordpress.com/2014/10/31/customs-vary-wi-the-times-at-halloween/
Hogan, L. (2014) Forgotten: The Limerick Dock Strike of 1913, History is what we choose to remember URL: https://limerick100.wordpress.com/2014/10/22/forgotten-the-limerick-dock-strike-of-1913/
Hogan, L. (2014), ‘Hell is Coming’ – fragments of horror from World War One, theJournal.ie URL: http://www.thejournal.ie/readme/world-war-one-100-year-anniversary-1592670-Jul2014/
Hogan, L. (2014), International Women’s Day tribute to Margaret Hinchey, one of Ireland’s most remarkable daughters, theJournal.ie URL: http://www.thejournal.ie/readme/margaret-hinchey-suffragette-labour-leader-international-womens-day-1349234-Mar2014/
Hogan, L. (2014), Following the money – Irish slave owners in the time of abolition, theJournal.ie URL: http://www.thejournal.ie/readme/irish-slaveowners-compensation-1587899-Jul2014/
Hogan, L. (2014), John Mitchel was hailed as a totem for Irish liberty…but he was a white supremacist, theJournal.ie URL: http://www.thejournal.ie/readme/john-mitchel-was-hailed-as-a-totem-for-irish-liberty-but-he-was-a-white-supremacist-1266182-Jan2014/
Hogan, L. (2012) The Anti-Unionist Riot in Limerick (October 1912), History is what we choose to remember URL: https://limerick100.wordpress.com/2012/10/10/limerick-riots-october-1912/#more-25
Hogan, L. (2012), The Titanic Disaster: Limerick Connections (April 1912), History is what we choose to remember URL: https://limerick100.wordpress.com/2012/04/11/the-titanic-disaster-limerick-connections-april-1912/#more-122

Blog Posts


    Digital Humanities

    Limerick and World War One
    How do you communicate the scale of Limerick’s loss during World War One. In what was one of the most traumatic events in Limerick’s history since the Great Famine (over 1,000 violent deaths), we sought to visually represent the scale of the death toll by creating a series of interactive maps. As project lead and designer I was interviewed about this public library centenary project by Mike Dwayne for the Limerick Leader and Sinead O’Carroll for theJournal.ie

    Collective Punishment: Mob Violence, Riots and Pogroms against African American Communities (1824-1974)
    We sought to collate a comprehensive record of white mob violence that collectively punished African American communities across the United States. While the thousands of lynchings that occurred were also a form of racial terrorism against the African American community we have generally excluded them from this project. Where lynchings have been included they are generally crimes which were especially perpetrated to terrorise the wider community, e.g. the lynching in Little Rock, Arkansas in 1927 where the body of the victim was dragged into the middle of the African American area and burnt. Framed by racism, segregation and white supremacism, these violent incidents cover almost every aspect of American society. Housing, military, labour, unions, politics, business, religion, justice, police enforcement, education, and immigration. Thus we believe this data traces white supremacist efforts to assert dominance and control using terror and violence over a circa 200 year period. As the project lead and designer of this volunteer project I was interviewed by Rebecca Onion at Slate magazine.

    Cromwellian era transportations from Ireland: A documentary history
    In process

    A survey of the anti-Irish “No Irish Need Apply” qualification in classified ads in U.S. newspapers (1827–1919)
    In the wake of the renewed controversy about the prevalence and impact of NINA in classified ads in U.S. newspapers in 2015, I set about surveying all the available newspaper databases and found a total of 268 unique adverts, the most collated by any researcher or historian to date.

    Liam Hogan

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    Active 1 year, 11 months ago