This paper deals with the complicated sociopolitical space defined by the use and transformation of what we call Occitan language. Literary and cultural production in Occitan language during the late 12th and early 13th centuries light up the boundary conditions, the boundary values of what we call courtly culture making them visible in all their vulnerability. This lighting up off those boundaries imply, at the same time the codification —which is one of the discourses of preservation— of the kind of problems and solutions that were defined within those boundaries. I call this movement cultural archeology.
I want to underline the concept of archeology, instead of genealogy or history. Archeology —in the way in which it was proposed by Foucault, and lately rekindled and redefined in the work of Alain de Libera at the Collège de France— is the kind of research that allows us to look not only at lineal boundaries, or at the way those boundaries pile up over time, but also at the interpenetration of boundaries across historical strata. In other words, we do not only look at the formation of a corpus (in this case, for instance, the troubadour corpus), but also at the early transformations in the cultural, political, and social interpretations of this corpus. Archeological research, cultural archeology is something that belongs in the early transformations of the cultural parameters explored in Occitan language.