• Jentery Sayers deposited Optophonic Reading, Prototyping Optophones in the group Group logo of MS SoundMS Sound on MLA Commons 4 years, 9 months ago

    This article details the contributions of blind readers to the development, design, and marketing of the optophone, a text-to-tone transcription machine introduced in the early twentieth century. We combine archival research with prototyping to investigate the dimensions involved in past coding and decoding practices. If archives provide testimonial fragments about individual use, 2D to 3D translation helps scholars to more broadly characterize optophone reading and understand technical affordances. See http://amodern.net/article/optophonic-reading/.