• Talitha LeFlouria’s Chained in Silence: Black Women and Convict Labor in the New South ambitiously takes on the task of highlighting the roles that black women played in the modernization of the Georgian economy and culture in the late 19th and early 20th centuries; roles that were products of material and ideological circumstances as well as acts of resistance against hegemonic class and racial forces. LeFlouria carves out a space for her study of black women distinct from other scholarship on oppressive convict labor systems in the New South. Relying on a detailed reading of periodical records, primary sources, and historiography, LeFlouria conveys the unique economic and cultural experiences of black women in Georgia, who through choice and circumstance, end up involuntarily providing an invisible, exploitive form of labor for rebuilding the Empire State of the South. Georgia’s particular system of convict labor –a partnership between the state and capitalist interests to develop and sustain an exploitative, profitable, and renewable labor force –comes to serve as a way of modernizing state and private institutions through the continued oppression of black women’s labor, bodies, and identity.