• In lieu of an abstract, here is the beginning of the chapter:

    Ungleichzeitigkeit and global modernisms

    Over the last twenty-five years, the modernist canon has been significantly revised as theoretical and empirical interventions have emphasised its transnational and globalised patterns of connection through a range of disciplinary approaches. As scholarship has moved beyond Europe and the United States, the complex nature of modernism’s sociocultural matrices has become prominent, and a re-evaluation of the private and public spaces through which modernist works were disseminated – from the publishing house to the continuation of private patronage – has developed alongside a
    reconsideration of the way in which we theorise such activities in terms of time (Brooker et al. 1-4). In particular, the Marxist notion of “uneven
    development” has resurfaced in recent years as a model through which to think the overlapping simultaneities in different parts of the world of aesthetic practices, transnational dialogues, publication and dissemination of texts, institutional engagements and the oppositional, counter public spheres through which various modernisms emerged and were contested.