• Advanced Computer Technologies for Integrated Agro-Hydrologic Systems Modeling: Coupled Crop and Hydrologic Models for Agricultural Intensification Impacts Assessment

    Author(s):
    S.M. SIAD (see profile)
    Contributor(s):
    Gerrit HOOGENBOOM, Vito IACOBELLIS
    Date:
    2023
    Subject(s):
    Agronomy, Hydrology, Modeling
    Item Type:
    Presentation
    Meeting Title:
    Ph.D. Defense
    Meeting Org.:
    POLITECNICO DI BARI
    Meeting Loc.:
    Bari
    Meeting Date:
    28/01/2019
    Tag(s):
    Presentation, results, thesis
    Permanent URL:
    https://doi.org/10.17613/6gtc-e096
    Abstract:
    Coupling hydrologic and crop models is increasingly becoming an important task when addressing agro-hydrologic systems studies. Either for resources conservation or cropping systems improvement, the complex interactions between hydrologic regime and crop management components requires an integrative approach in order to be fully understood. Nevertheless, the literature offers limited resources on models’ coupling that targets environmental scientists. Indeed, major of guides are are destined primarily for computer specialists and make them hard to encompass and apply. To address this gap, we present an extensive research to crop and hydrologic models coupling that targets earth agro-hydrologic modeling studies in its integrative complexity. The primary focus is to understand the relationship between agricultural intensification and its impacts on hydrologic balance. We provided documentations, classifications, applications and references of the available technologies and trends of development. We applied the results of the investigation by coupling the DREAM hydrologic model with DSSAT crop model. Both models were upgraded either on their code source (DREAM) or operational base (DSSAT) for interoperability and parallelization. The resulting model operates at a grid base and daily step. The model is applied southern Italy to analyze the effect of fertilizer application on runoff generation between 2000 and 2013. The results of the study show a significant impacts of nitrogen application on water yield. Indeed, nearly 71.5 thousand cubic-meter of rain water for every kilogram of nitrogen and per hectare is lost as a reduction of runoff coefficient. Furthermore, a significant correlation between the nitrogen applications amount and runoff is found at a yearly basis with Pearson’s coefficient of 0.93.
    Metadata:
    Status:
    Published
    Last Updated:
    11 months ago
    License:
    Attribution

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