• Learning the Chymical Compromise: Paracelsian and Galenic Medicine in Marburg Disputations on Chymiatria

    Author(s):
    Elisabeth Moreau (see profile)
    Date:
    2021
    Group(s):
    Alchemy, Renaissance Science and Medicine, Science Studies and the History of Science
    Item Type:
    Article
    Tag(s):
    Paracelsus, galenism, History of Universities, early modern Europe, germany, History of Medicine, 17th Century
    Permanent URL:
    https://doi.org/10.17613/m8sx-9f85
    Abstract:
    The chair of chymiatria created at the University of Marburg was among the earliest academic initiatives aiming to integrate chymistry into the medical curriculum. If its practical applications in pharmacy and its relationship with patronage have been examined by historians, the theoretical part of the chymiatria programme still remains to be explored. In the form of student disputations and dissertations held or presided over by Heinrich Petraeus, a professor of medicine at Marburg and Johannes Hartmann’s son-in-law, “chymiatric” essays expounded various medical issues. Centred on pathology, therapy, and physiology, these theoretical explanations proposed a “hermetic–dogmatic” interpretation merging the views of Paracelsus and Galen. This article examines these disputations and their stance concerning the living body, sickness, and treatment, and how they shaped the status of chymistry as an art and a science on the verge of institutionalisation.
    Metadata:
    Published as:
    Journal article    
    Status:
    Published
    Last Updated:
    5 months ago
    License:
    All Rights Reserved
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