• The State Conference in Moscow, 1917: class, nationality, and the building of a post-imperial community

    Author(s):
    Ivan Sablin (see profile)
    Date:
    2022
    Group(s):
    Soviet and Russian history and culture
    Subject(s):
    Eastern Europe, Russia, Soviet Union, History, Nationalism, Social classes
    Item Type:
    Article
    Tag(s):
    Russian Revolution, Empire, Parliament, Russia, Russia and East Europe, Soviet history, Russian history, Class
    Permanent URL:
    https://doi.org/10.17613/0vrq-2k37
    Abstract:
    The State Conference in Moscow, a one-time quasi-parliamentary assembly of over 2,500 delegates, was intended to help the Provisional Government resolve the military, political, and economic crises of the First World War and the Russian Revolution by building a broad public consensus. Due to the inadequate representation at the conference, its duration and procedure, and the radically divergent platforms of major political forces, the assembly functioned as a political rally rather than a parliament. The attempt to resolve the crises by (re)constituting a Russian political community failed due to the conflicts formulated in terms of class and nationality and the contradictions between coercive discipline and self-organization as the principles of state- and nation-building. Even though the idea of the Russian nation prevailed at the conference, its participants did not agree if a post-imperial political community was to be homogeneous or composite, inclusive or exclusive, and if it was to be organized in a top-down or bottom-up manner.
    Notes:
    The research for this article was done as part of the project ‘ENTPAR: Entangled Parliamentarisms: Constitutional Practices in Russia, Ukraine, China and Mongolia, 1905–2005’, which received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (grant agreement No 755504).
    Metadata:
    Status:
    Published
    Last Updated:
    8 months ago
    License:
    Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives
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