• Means of Influence on Public Opinion in Political Context: Speech Manipulation in the Media

    Author(s):
    ANNA V. KALININA , ELENA E. YUSUPOVA ELENA V. VOEVODA
    Editor(s):
    Jyotirmaya Patnaik (see profile)
    Date:
    2019
    Group(s):
    Communication Studies, Digital Humanists, Electronic Literature, Information Ecosystems
    Subject(s):
    Communication in politics, Social conflict--Political aspects, Digital communications, Digital media
    Item Type:
    Article
    Tag(s):
    Media, manipulation processes, public opinion and behaviors, speech means of influence, Public humanities, Political communication, Political conflict, Digital communication, Advocacy
    Permanent URL:
    http://dx.doi.org/10.17613/ba0x-q159
    Abstract:
    The manipulation problem in the media has been still pressing. Processes and techniques intended for making an influence on public opinion and behaviors are in ongoing improvement, making it difficult to access an objective image of the world. Therefore, this research aims at emphasizing the importance of speech (language) means that form a basis of manipulations in mass communications. To achieve this, authors have provided the systematization of social influence processes in the media and made techniques and means of speech influence clearer. Authors provided a content analysis of texts of 2018 from the media using news resources of different countries (‘Russia Today,’ ‘RIA Novosti,’ ‘Ukrinform’ and ‘Fox News Channel’) as an example. The research subject consists of news materials of a politico-social nature on Russia’s participation in the Syrian conflict. Authors have empirically revealed a clear desire to influence readers of the media resources using covert means of the manipulative influence. In total, they have found five types of manipulative speech influence in texts of the media. There are self-presentation, semantic speech strategies, persuasive strategies, hit piece and information manipulation. A lexical toolkit of speech manipulation includes euphemisms, dysphemisms, slogan words, speech metaphorization, etc. Media texts have become more and more complicated as they contain hints, precedent phenomena, irony, as well as metamessages of informative presentation. Each media of the selected ones more or less uses means of speech manipulation in varying degrees. Applications of such methods of influence (in number) almost directly depend on a political attitude towards an object.
    Notes:
    y
    Metadata:
    Published as:
    Journal article    
    Status:
    Published
    Last Updated:
    2 years ago
    License:
    All Rights Reserved
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