• The Jacobinism and patriotism of Ernest Belfort Bax

    Author(s):
    Ruth Kinna (see profile)
    Date:
    2004
    Group(s):
    Republicanism, Victorian Studies
    Subject(s):
    Political science, History, Socialism, Nationalism, Europe
    Item Type:
    Article
    Tag(s):
    Belfort Bax, Jacobinism, history of political thought, European nationalism
    Permanent URL:
    http://dx.doi.org/10.17613/fgvj-z510
    Abstract:
    This article examines Ernest Belfort Bax's interpretation of the French Revolution and traces the impact that his idea of the Revolution had on his philosophy and his political thought. The first section considers Bax's understanding of the Revolution in the context of his theory of history and analyses his conception of the Revolution's legacy, drawing particularly on his portraits of Robespierre, Marat and Babeuf. The second section shows how the lessons Bax drew from this history shaped his socialist republicanism and discusses his support for Jacobin methods of revolutionary change. The third section of the article looks at the ways in which Bax's reading of revolutionary history affected his internationalism and shows how his ‘anti-patriotism’ led him to support the Anglo-French campaign in 1914. I argue that the Bax's understanding of the French Revolution gave body to his philosophy and greatly influenced his understanding of the socialist struggle. Bax believed that socialists had history on their side, but was so emboldened by the idea of the Revolution that he was led to advance a view of socialist change that undermined the historic values that socialism was supposed to enshrine.
    Metadata:
    Published as:
    Journal article    
    Status:
    Published
    Last Updated:
    2 years ago
    License:
    All Rights Reserved
    Share this:

    Downloads

    Item Name: pdf the-jacobinism-and-patriotism-of-ernest-belfort-bax.pdf
      Download View in browser
    Activity: Downloads: 227