• Leadership and Federalization Debate in Nepal

    Author(s):
    Sr. Advocate Khimlal Devkota (see profile)
    Date:
    2020
    Group(s):
    Anthropology, Archives, Classical Philology and Linguistics, Philosophy, Sociology
    Subject(s):
    Anthropology, Art, United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Social conflict--Political aspects, Sociology
    Item Type:
    Article
    Tag(s):
    Federal Bureau of Investigation, Political conflict
    Permanent URL:
    http://dx.doi.org/10.17613/v32d-yh30
    Abstract:
    Nepali politics and leadership were ruled by a centralized, unitary, monarchial, and the exclusionary Hindu Kingdom before 2006. As a result of a decade long “Peoples war” as well as the Maoist movement, the country has declared as republican, federal, secular, and inclusive. The root causes of the conflicts are class, caste, gender, and regional disparities. The violent conflict was political and it was purely a byproduct of the discriminatory state structure. It was considered that the federalization of the state is the prime solution. The peace process was initiated with the firm commitment of forward-looking state restructuring. The paper tries to identify the federalization debate among the political parties during the peace process. This paper tries to capture the debates from both federalists and anti-federalists. Paper also tries to compare with the expectations and reality with lapse and gaps. This study is based on available information, literature and political statements, election manifestos, and other related documents. Qualitative data has been used. A descriptive and analytical method has been applied to assess the overall process of federal design. Data/information has been obtained from the historical document of political parties, government repository, and views and ideas expressed by different stakeholders on the federalization of the state. Finally, some recommendations to the concerned authority for meeting the expectations within the constitutional framework have been made. The draft constitution prepared by the 1st Constituent Assembly had adopted the spirit of identity. Identity was the basis of the federal design and a bottom-line of the federalist section of the society. However, in the constitution, the issue of identity-based federalism has been badly diluted. There is a huge gap between the pre and post constitution stage. The challenge now is to mitigate the principles of federalism and simultaneously implement the constitution.
    Metadata:
    Published as:
    Journal article    
    Status:
    Published
    Last Updated:
    3 years ago
    License:
    Attribution

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