• Voices of the North American Revolution: The Transnational Influence of Mexico’s Crisis between Church and State, 1925-1928

    Alexander Odicino (see profile)
    United States, History, Latin America
    Item Type:
    Conference paper
    Conf. Title:
    Phi Alpha Theta - 2015 California South Regional Conference
    Conf. Org.:
    Phi Alpha Theta
    Conf. Loc.:
    Point Loma Nazarene University
    Conf. Date:
    April 11, 2015
    intellectual history, transnational history, mexican history, modern mexico, american history, American history, Latin American history
    Permanent URL:
    There are many studies of burgeoning American hegemony in Latin America during the early twentieth century, but few have considered the cultural and intellectual influences moving into the United States during that same period. This paper is an examination of precisely that phenomenon, specifically as it applied to the influence of Mexicans and the Mexican Revolution in the 1920s. This presentation will argue that the Catholic Church in Mexico served as a conduit for the transmission of ideas constituent to the Mexican Revolution into the United States. Controversy surrounding Revolutionary anticlericalism opened a channel that later broadcast Mexican ideas concerning secular education, the Catholic Church in politics, and the historical place of the church on the North American continent. The assassination of Mexican President Venustiano Carranza in May of 1920 and the subsequent ascension of the Sonoran political regime marked the beginning of an upturn in official relations between Mexico and the United States. However, improved relations also made claims of religious persecution in Mexico a complicated issue to address from the standpoint of national policy. United States citizens debated the position their nation should take in regards to social reforms affecting Catholics and the church in Mexico. That “Mexican Question” effectively divided the United States along ideological lines dictated by Mexico’s Revolution. This presentation will conclude with the 1928 U.S. presidential race wherein Catholic presidential candidate, Alfred E. Smith, was publicly interrogated on, among other things, his stance towards the “Mexican Question”.
    Last Updated:
    7 years ago
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