• Discrimination and Integration of the Dalits in Early Modern South Indian Missions: The Historical Origins of a Major Challenge for Today's Christians

    Author(s):
    Paolo Aranha (see profile)
    Date:
    2016
    Group(s):
    History, Religious Studies
    Subject(s):
    Asian history, Modern history, Portuguese literature, Postcolonial literature, Religion
    Item Type:
    Article
    Tag(s):
    Church history, Missionary history, Dalits, India, Castes
    Permanent URL:
    http://dx.doi.org/10.17613/M6FC80
    Abstract:
    The persistence of caste hierarchies and discrimination among the Christian faithful is one of the challenges that churches still face in India. While several studies have been devoted to the relation between caste and Christianity since the nineteenth century, the early modern period has attracted very limited attention. This article proposes junc-tures and figures that can illustrate the various approaches toward caste divisions held by the Catholic missionaries in India between the sixteenth and the eighteenth centuries, namely, from the establishment of the Portuguese presence on the subcontinent until the Malabar Rites controversy. In particular, the article will suggest that, if missionary adap-tion (accommodatio) was based primarily on the incorporation of caste structures within the Church, unsuccessful attempts were made to root Christianity in the Indian context while criticizing local social hierarchies contradicting Christian values.
    Notes:
    The article is part of a special issue devoted to the "Munich School of World Christianity", established by Klaus Koschorke at the Ludwig-Maximilian Universität München. The issue was edited by Adrian Hermann, Ciprian Burlacioiu and Peter C. Phan.
    Metadata:
    Published as:
    Journal article    
    Status:
    Published
    Last Updated:
    2 years ago
    License:
    All Rights Reserved
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