• Slides: Crisis in Ancient South Asia – Concepts, Causes, Countermeasures

    Author(s):
    Vitus Angermeier (see profile)
    Date:
    2023
    Group(s):
    Cultural Studies, Hinduisms, Indology, Medical Humanities
    Subject(s):
    Crisis management, Leadership, God--Kingship, India, South Asia, Dharma, Epidemics, Karma, Arthaśāstra (Kauṭalya), Mahābhārata
    Item Type:
    Presentation
    Meeting Title:
    Conceptualizing Crisis in Antiquity. Interdisciplinary and Cross-Cultural Perspectives
    Meeting Org.:
    Institute for Mediterranian Studies, FORTH, Rethymno
    Meeting Loc.:
    Rethymno, Greece
    Meeting Date:
    October 20–21, 2023
    Tag(s):
    South Asian Studies, Indology, Sanskrit
    Permanent URL:
    https://doi.org/10.17613/rb3h-qr22
    Abstract:
    Although a plethora of ancient South Asian sources refer to situations that would be considered crises by modern standards, the early Sanskrit vocabulary lacks a word that we could understand as a distinct equivalent of the term “crisis” and its Greek and Latin predecessors. Nevertheless, the descriptions and discussions of personal and collective distress in the literary sources allow for a comprehensive examination of how crises were understood and dealt with in ancient India. In this presentation, I will discuss early South Asian concepts related to the Mediterranean/European notion of crisis and demonstrate the importance of theories about socio-religious norms (dharma) and actions determining one’s future fate (karma) to pre-modern understandings of calamities. Furthermore, I will sketch reflections regarding their causation and show suggested countermeasures against them. To this end, I will draw on textual sources from a variety of disciplines, including the Indian epics, medical treatises, as well as political and religious works. Keywords: Ancient South Asia, dharma, karma, crisis management, epidemics, prevention
    Notes:
    Conference website: https://www.ims.forth.gr/en/news-item/view?id=1622
    Metadata:
    Status:
    Published
    Last Updated:
    4 months ago
    License:
    Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

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